English Irregular Verbs


Verb Simple Past Past Participle
to abide abode / abided abode / abided / abidden
to alight alit / alighted alit / alighted
to arise arose arisen
to backbite backbit backbitten
to backlight backlit backlit
to backslide backslid backslid / backslidden
to be was / were been
to bear bore born / borne
to beat beat beaten
to become became become
to befall befell befallen
to beget begot / begat begotten
to begin began begun
to behold beheld beheld
to belay belaid / belayed belaid / belayed
to bend bent bent
to bereave bereft bereft / bereaved
to beseech besought / beseeched besought / beseeched
to beset beset beset
to bespeak bespoke bespoken
to bestrew bestrewed bestrewed / bestrewn
to bestride bestrode bestridden
to bet bet bet
to betake betook betaken
to bethink bethought bethought
to bid bid bid
to bid bade bidden
to bide bided / bode bided
to bind bound bound
to bite bit bitten
to bleed bled bled
to blend blended / blent blended / blent
to bless blessed / blest blessed / blest
to blow blew blown
to break broke broken
to breast-feed breast-fed breast-fed
to breed bred bred
to bring brought brought
to broadcast broadcast / broadcasted broadcast / broadcasted
to browbeat browbeat browbeat / browbeaten
to build built built
to burn burnt / burned burnt / burned
to burst burst burst
to bust bust bust
to buy bought bought
to cast cast cast
to catch caught caught
to chide chid chid / chidden
to choose chose chosen
to clap clapped / clapt clapped / clapt
to clear-cut clear-cut clear-cut
to cleave cleft / cleaved / clove cleft / cleaved / cloven
to cling clung clung
to clothe clad / clothed clad / clothed
to come came come
to cost cost cost
to countersink countersank / countersunk countersunk
to creep crept crept
to crossbreed crossbred crossbred
to crosscut crosscut crosscut
to crow crowed / crew crowed
to cut cut cut
to dare dared / durst dared
to daydream daydreamt / daydreamed daydreamt / daydreamed
to deal dealt dealt
to dig dug dug
to disprove disproved disproven / disproved
to dive dived / dove dived
to do did done
to draw drew drawn
to dream dreamt / dreamed dreamt / dreamed
to drink drank drunk
to drive drove driven
to dwell dwelt dwelt
to eat ate eaten
to engrave engraved engraved / engraven
to fall fell fallen
to feed fed fed
to feel felt felt
to fight fought fought
to find found found
to fit fit / fitted fit / fitted
to flee fled fled
to fling flung flung
to floodlight floodlit floodlit
to fly flew flown
to forbear forbore forborne / forborn
to forbid forbade / forbad forbidden
to force-feed force-fed force-fed
to forecast forecast / forecasted forecast / forecasted
to forego forewent foregone
to foresee foresaw foreseen
to foretell foretold foretold
to forget forgot forgotten
to forgive forgave forgiven
to forsake forsook forsaken
to forswear forswore forsworn
to freeze froze frozen
to frostbite frostbit frostbitten
to gainsay gainsaid gainsaid
to geld gelded / gelt gelded / gelt
to get got got / gotten
to gild gilt / gilded gilt / gilded
to gin gan gan
to gird girded / girt girded / girt
to give gave given
to gnaw gnawed gnawed / gnawn
to go went gone / been
to grave graved graven / graved
to grind ground ground
to grow grew grown
to hamstring hamstrung / hamstringed hamstrung / hamstringed
to handwrite handwrote handwritten
to hang hung / hanged hung / hanged
to have had had
to hear heard heard
to heave heaved / hove heaved / hove
to hew hewed hewn
to hide hid hidden
to hit hit hit
to hoist hoist / hoisted hoist / hoisted
to hold held held
to hurt hurt hurt
to inbreed inbred inbred
to inlay inlaid inlaid
to input input / inputted input / inputted
to inset inset inset
to interbreed interbred interbred
to interlay interlaid interlaid
to interweave interwove interwoven
to keep kept kept
to ken kent / kenned kent / kenned
to kneel knelt / kneeled knelt / kneeled
to knit knit / knitted knit / knitted
to know knew known
to lade laded laden / laded
to lay laid laid
to lead led led
to lean leant / leaned leant / leaned
to leap leapt / leaped leapt / leaped
to learn learnt / learned learnt / learned
to leave left left
to lend lent lent
to let let let
to lie lay lain
to light lit lit
to lose lost lost
to make made made
to mean meant meant
to meet met met
to melt melted molten / melted
to miscast miscast miscast
to misdo misdid misdone
to mishear misheard misheard
to mislay mislaid mislaid
to mislead misled misled
to misread misread misread
to misspeak misspoke misspoken
to misspell misspelt / misspelled misspelt / misspelled
to misspend misspent misspent
to mistake mistook mistaken
to misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood
to miswed miswed / miswedded miswed / miswedded
to moonlight moonlit moonlit
to mow mowed mown
to offset offset offset
to outbid outbid outbid
to outdo outdid outdone
to outgrow outgrew outgrown
to outlay outlaid outlaid
to output output / outputted output / outputted
to outrun outran outrun
to outsell outsold outsold
to outshine outshone outshone
to outspend outspent outspent
to outwear outwore outworn
to outwork outworked / outwrought outworked / outwrought
to overbear overbore overborne
to overbuild overbuilt overbuilt
to overcast overcast overcast
to overcome overcame overcome
to overdo overdid overdone
to overdraw overdrew overdrawn
to overdrive overdrove overdriven
to overeat overate overeaten
to overfeed overfed overfed
to overgrow overgrew overgrown
to overhang overhung overhung
to overhear overheard overheard
to overlay overlaid overlaid
to overpass overpast / overpassed overpast / overpassed
to override overrode overridden
to overrun overran overrun
to oversee oversaw overseen
to overshoot overshot overshot
to oversleep overslept overslept
to overtake overtook overtaken
to overthrow overthrew overthrown
to partake partook partaken
to pay paid paid
to pen pent / penned pent / penned
to pinch-hit pinch-hit pinch-hit
to plead pled / pleaded pled / pleaded
to prepay prepaid prepaid
to preset preset preset
to proofread proofread proofread
to prove proved proven / proved
to put put put
to quick-freeze quick-froze quick-frozen
to quit quit quit
to rap rapped / rapt rapped / rapt
to read read read
to refit refit refit
to relay relaid relaid
to rend rent rent
to repay repaid repaid
to rerun reran rerun
to reset reset reset
to retake retook retaken
to retread retrod retrodden
to retrofit retrofit / retrofitted retrofit / retrofitted
to rewrite rewrote rewritten
to rid rid / ridded rid / ridded
to ride rode ridden
to ring rang rung
to rise rose risen
to rive rived riven / rived
to rough-hew rough-hewed rough-hewn
to run ran run
to saw sawed sawn / sawed
to say said said
to see saw seen
to seek sought sought
to sell sold sold
to send sent sent
to set set set
to sew sewed sewn / sewed
to shake shook shaken
to shave shaved shaven / shaved
to shear shore / sheared shorn / sheared
to shed shed shed
to shine shone shone
to shoe shod shod
to shoot shot shot
to shortcut shortcut shortcut
to show showed shown
to shrink shrank shrunk
to shrive shrove shriven
to shut shut shut
to sight-read sight-read sight-read
to sing sang sung
to sink sank sunk
to sit sat sat
to slay slew slain
to sleep slept slept
to slide slid slid / slidden
to sling slung slung
to slink slunk slunk
to slit slit slit
to smell smelt / smelled smelt / smelled
to smite smote smitten
to sneak sneaked / snuck sneaked / snuck
to soothsay soothsaid soothsaid
to sow sowed sown
to speak spoke spoken
to speed sped / speeded sped / speeded
to spell spelt / spelled spelt / spelled
to spellbind spellbound spellbound
to spend spent spent
to spill spilt / spilled spilt / spilled
to spin span / spun spun
to spit spat / spit spat / spit
to split split split
to spoil spoilt / spoiled spoilt / spoiled
to spread spread spread
to spring sprang sprung
to stand stood stood
to stave stove / staved / stoved stove / staved / stoved
to steal stole stolen
to stick stuck stuck
to sting stung stung
to stink stank stunk
to strew strewed strewn / strewed
to stride strode / strided stridden
to strike struck struck / stricken
to string strung strung
to strip stript / stripped stript / stripped
to strive strove striven
to sublet sublet sublet
to sunburn sunburned / sunburnt sunburned / sunburnt
to swear swore sworn
to sweat sweat / sweated sweat / sweated
to sweep swept / sweeped swept / sweeped
to swell swelled swollen
to swim swam swum
to swing swung swung
to switch-hit switch-hit switch-hit
to take took taken
to teach taught taught
to tear tore torn
to telecast telecast / telecasted telecast / telecasted
to tell told told
to think thought thought
to thrive throve / thrived thriven / thrived
to throw threw thrown
to thrust thrust thrust
to toss tossed / tost tossed / tost
to tread trod trodden
to typecast typecast typecast
to typeset typeset typeset
to typewrite typewrote typewritten
to unbend unbent unbent
to unbind unbound unbound
to unclothe unclad / unclothed unclad / unclothed
to underbid underbid underbid / underbidden
to undercut undercut undercut
to undergo underwent undergone
to underlie underlay underlain
to underpay underpaid underpaid
to undersell undersold undersold
to undershoot undershot undershot
to understand understood understood
to undertake undertook undertaken
to underwrite underwrote underwritten
to undo undid undone
to unlearn unlearnt / unlearned unlearnt / unlearned
to unmake unmade unmade
to unstick unstuck unstuck
to unwind unwound unwound
to uphold upheld upheld
to upset upset upset
to upsweep upswept upswept
to vex vext / vexed vext / vexed
to wake woke woken
to waylay waylaid waylaid
to wear wore worn
to weave wove woven
to wed wed / wedded wed / wedded
to weep wept wept
to wend wended / went wended / went
to wet wet / wetted wet / wetted
to whipsaw whipsawed whipsawn / whipsawed
to win won won
to wind wound wound
to wit wist wist
to withdraw withdrew withdrawn
to withhold withheld withheld
to withstand withstood withstood
to wont wont wont / wonted
to work worked / wrought worked / wrought
to wrap wrapped / wrapt wrapped / wrapt
to wreak wreaked wreaked / wroken
to wring wrung wrung
to write wrote written
to zinc zinced / zincked zinced / zincked


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